We are giving opportunities to the beginners who are passionate and motivated to learn, analyse, and write monographs (chapters) in a pathbreaking research project, designed with dual attempts of providing alternative economic theories and new empirical validation on ‘development’ problem.
Successful candidates will be given authorship.
The research will culminate into books. The books will deal with both the fundamental theoretical questions and the empirical reality of the capitalist transition through new approaches based on comparative historical political economy analysis by way of a general case Illustrated with reference to Bangladesh.
The suggested titles of the books:
• Ideas of State: Fiscal and Monetary Policies in Bangladesh
• Ideas of Creative State: Social Policies in Bangladesh
• In Quest of Expansion of Productive Capacity: Capital Accumulation, Rent and Innovation in Bangladesh
• Towards Optimal Governance of the Commons: Natural Resource, Biodiversity and Climate Change in Bangladesh
Number of Positions
Ideally we are looking for 07 persons. Each person will work one area out of major areas, namely, (a) employment and social security, (b) Education, and (c) health, (d) Biodiversity – forest, (e) Natural resources – water, (f) climate Change, and (g) State, Regulation, Natural Resource Rent and Environment.
ABSTRACTS OF THE RESEARCH AREAS
Area – I: Ideas of Creative State: Social Policies in Bangladesh - Employment and Social Security, Education, Health
This study seeks to understand the mismatch between constitutional rights and real practices of social contract in Bangladesh by examining the current situation of the state for an efficacious and creative society. The positive impact of economic growth, progress in social development, reduction in poverty and inequality has unleashed new challenges for the country. Therefore, an emerging stylised fact will be identified based on demographic transition, labour force, education, employment, health, space, poverty, inequality, violence, public safety, social security and welfare. In these circumstances, the future scenario of population composition, growth and distribution, economic activity, future state of education, health and nutrition, and poverty and inequality will be assessed to design elements of new social policy regime.
Social contracts have broken down in Bangladesh because it has not been able to make a citizen state. The chapter seeks an answer to the question: ‘What should be a new social contract theory applicable for Bangladesh’? Therefore, the aim is to extend existing theory, where feasible, with the ultimate objective of building a new theory that addresses the objectives of the study.
The country is facing the problem of unemployment and wage depression; however the present situation of social security is neither responsive nor accommodative to ensure the living standards to all. Under consumption, minimum compulsion and lack of employment has unleashed new challenges particularly in the realm of social protection in Bangladesh. Therefore, a new theoretical framework will be developed on wage and employment by examining different theories on these circumstances. Finally, an alternative proposition regarding basic income grant will be constructed in the context of Bangladesh.
This book seeks to provide new concepts related to the establishment of knowledge society. Knowledge society focuses on human rights and the inclusive participatory character, particularly highlighting on (a) freedom of opinion and expression; (b) the right to education and its corollary, and progress towards free access to other levels of education and (c) the right “freely to participate in the cultural life and to enjoy the arts, and (d) to share in scientific advancement and its benefits”. After a brief and innovative analysis on the knowledge society, the chapter presents the: challenges and reflections related with the current states of society and systems.
This book captures health as a relational construct rather than Medicare. It will strongly challenge and oppose the dominant framework, which manifests in various forms of privatisation and corporate programmes and schemes. Considering health as an inalienable right, the study seeks that healthy society is needed for the development of the country by ensuring universal health services. The book will demonstrate an alternative framework regarding the affordability of the state for instituting universal coverage.
Area – II: Towards Optimal Governance of the Commons: Natural Resource, Biodiversity and Climate Change in Bangladesh
This book will demonstrate that ill-defined property rights structure, trend of political settlements and unequal exchange in management of natural resources in Bangladesh cause dissipation of natural resource rent leading to degradation of biodiversity, climate change and unsustainable development in the country. As the property value of natural resources is higher than its extraction costs, it creates resource rent. Natural resources are thus vulnerable to rent seeking behaviour. In absence of a well-defined property rights structure, rent seekers can capture natural resources. In Bangladesh, a similar rent seeking behaviour is observed in regard to biodiversity and water resource use. As the property rights structure is unstable and regulatory framework is weak, natural resources are over-extracted and exploited. Powerful agents like bureaucracy, political powers and businessmen do this through a mechanism of rent fixation, collusion, capture and intermediation.
A theoretical framework will be developed that formalises the relationship among state institutions, market, community and environment as regards efficient allocation, well-defined property rights and effective bureaucratic-politico structure. The framework is illustrative of addressing the dissipation of natural resource rent through the functioning of both state and market.
As regards biodiversity, the inherent problem in pricing of natural resources will be discussed. Taking Sunderbans as a case study, natural and manmade causes of loss and degradation of biodiversity in this region are ascertained. Local stakeholders, however, created their own informal institutions to reduce the common resource problem which are now overruled by State regulation.
In the case of water resources, unequal exchange and non-existent of property rights lead to over-exploitation of resources and cause the state to forgo large revenue.
Later on, the problem of climate change, global environmental politics of climate change and its adverse effects on Bangladesh in connection with agriculture, coastal region, fisheries and forestry will be analysed.
Finally, the book will present a thorough review of state regulations as regards management of natural resources and put forward a framework of functional regulatory mechanism that makes the state capable of addressing the dissipation of natural resource rent through establishing a well-defined property rights structure. Process of primitive accumulation, political settlements and rent seeking in connection with the management of natural resources can also be checked effectively by the state’s functional regulatory structure.
Theoretical background: The applicant must have to be familiar with different strands of theories and the debates between the competing proponents, emanating from classical, neo-classical, Keynesian, Post-Keynesian, Neo-institutional, and Marxian traditions.
Historical Policy analysis: The person has to be familiar with the development of policies and will be able to conduct a historical and contextual basis of such developments
Language Abilities and Quantitative Skills: Have strong written English abilities, and sound quantitative skills
Work Ethic: The successful applicant must be willing to work under pressure in a highly competitive environment.
Review and Interview
After careful review by a selected panel, a few applicants will be offered an opportunity for written and viva voce examinations to better understand the applicant’s capabilities.
Offers to successful candidates will be made within approximately two weeks to a month following the interview.
A lump sum payment will be made.
Commencement of Internships
The internships will commence at the third week of January 2016.