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In-House Seminar on A Quantitative Comparison between Performance Status of Public Bus and Private Car by Farah Masud

Reported by M. Mizanur Rahman

An in-house seminar on “A Quantitative Comparison between Performance Status of Public Bus and Private Car” has taken place as a part of Unnayan Onneshan’s regular in-house seminar series. The seminar was started up with the presentation of Farah Masud, Research Intern of the organization. The Seminar focuses on two elements of research works; firstly the paper that has already been prepared by the researcher and secondly the ongoing paper work.

The paper discloses various analytical causes of present traffic congestion in Dhaka city with impacts as well. Various studies showed that private car is one of the major reasons that cause traffic congestion whereas public bus is far better in case of carrying passengers and reducing extra traffic pressure. This study focuses the logical basis of this supervision conducted a quantitative measurement that revealed the ratio of private cars and public buses presently plying Dhaka city and comparative passengers carrying capacity as well. Recommendations have been drawn from the logical quantitative basis of the study.

The seminar was participated by the Chairperson of Unnayan Onneshan and the other researchers. Mr. Farooq Tarik from Pakistan was also present there as a guest. After the presentation of Farah Masud, the Chairperson, the guest and the researchers came up with different queries and suggestions. After the discussion of different issues on the research, the moderator Mohammed Abdul Baten concluded the seminar.

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Seminar on Agriculture Bio-diversity and Food Security

Reported by Jabin Tahmina Haque

An in-house seminar on “Agriculture biodiversity and food security” takes place at Unnayan Onneshan’s conference room on November 22, 2009 as a part of its regular in-house seminar series. The seminar starts up with the presentation of Mohammed Abdul Baten, Research Associate of the organisation, by linking importance of agriculture bio-diversity to food security.

The research anchors upon the notion of food security adopt from FAO (1996) and tried to identify the causes of food shortage by reviewing the traditional and current agriculture practices in Bangladesh. The paper further shows current initiatives of the government in the agriculture sector and their shortcomings to achieve food security. He raises a moral question of retaining of inherited seed rights of the farmers and showed how they are loosing their seed rights by using High Yielding Varieties and becoming consumer of some multinational companies like Monsanto, DuPont, and Syngenta. Advocating in favour of organic agriculture, he reveals the potentiality of organic farming in Bangladesh, which are environment friendly and the return in production is higher compared with that of HYV, by providing some significant evidences in Bangladesh.

The participants point the research as an important one, specially in relation to the food security. However, they are seeking for some evidence how bio-diversity is reducing and how our local culture is affected by the bio-diversity.

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Seminar on Climate Change Impacts on Rice Production in Bangladesh

Reported By Jabin Tahmina Haque

An in-house seminar has been organized at Unnayan Onneshan’s conference room on November 15, 2009 focusing mainly the effects of increasing temperature on rice production in Bangladesh. Jayanta Kumar Basak, researcher of the organization, presented paper linking climate change, rice production and food security which will be used as a background paper for the Organisation’s forthcoming national seminar on food security. The paper aimed at building the interfaces between Boro rice production and increasing temperature. The research revealed that total rice production of Bangladesh will be decreased to a significant level by 2050, if the temperature will increase ranging from 1.80C to 40C as projected by IPCC’s Fourth Assessment Report. Accordingly, 50% population may face food shortage by 2050 (Base year 2006-07). The situation will further aggravate with increasing population (two million people per year) and temperature.

The participants argued that this horrifying picture shows evidence of how vulnerable Bangladesh is from the impacts of climate change. They call for an immediate action both from national and international communities taking into consideration the results of the research.

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Seminar on Food Security

Reported By Jabin Tahmina Haque

An in-house seminar has been organized at Unnayan Onneshan’s conference room on November 07, 2009 focusing mainly on food insecurity linked with urban poverty and landlessness in rural Bangladesh. Tahera Akhter, research associate of the organisation, presented paper linking urban poverty to the food security which will be used as a background paper for Unnayan Onneshan’s upcoming national seminar on food security. The underlying assumption is that climate induced displaced people in urban slums will increase urban poverty and poverty threatens food security. She tried to develop a relation between food security and living conditions of urban poor. The participants shared their opinions after presentation, where questions were raised on non food items relating to food security of slum dwellers.

Next to Tahera, Mehruna Islam Chowdhury presented her research work on ‘Impact of Landlessness on ‘Access to Food’: Experience of Small and Marginal Farmers in Rural Bangladesh' in the seminar. The paper aims to analyze the impact of landlessness on food security through in-depth interviews of small and marginal farmers in the rural areas. The discussion centered on accepting a common definition of ‘landlessness’ that is applicable to all physiographic units, accepted by existing institutions. Finally the participants agreed to use the definition of FAO, where landlessness is defined as a situation of having less than 0 .2 acre or no land.

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Seminar on Macroeconomic Indicators

Reported by Jabin Tahmina Haque

An in-house seminar on Macroeconomic Indicators had been organized on Saturday, October 24, 2009 at the conference room of Unnayan Onneshan-The Innovators. The seminar began with a brief presentation from Jabin Tahmina Haque, research assistant of the organisation, who has submitted a snapshot of the trend of macro economic issues focusing on the growth of economy and further existing situation of external sector in Bangladesh namely remittance, export, import etc.

The presentation is just a preview as a part of its upcoming publication “Quarterly Economic Update” which in general surrounds the macroeconomic performance for a quarter. Mr. Rashed Al Mahmud Titumir, Chairmen of the Organisation, chaired the seminar. He prescribed to design a framework of updating macro economic issues, found missing, which would be turned towards quarterly economic update and also provided an well thought-out guidelines for finalization of the quarterly publication including macroeconomic projection for the next fiscal year based on the current economic performance.Iqbal Ahmed, Senior Research Associate of economic policy unit, also agreed with the Chairman and suggested to conduct a structured economic outlook by analyzing and linking the economic factors more specifically.

The seminar, finally, ended with the comments of other participants who shared their views and suggested to formulate a momentous macroeconomic update that would be substantial to have an ongoing economic trend along with future economic prediction indispensable for economic policy.

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