The relationship between poverty and food insecurity is a complex one where several key dimensions could be found. For many reasons, such as ill health, disability, loss of job, lower level of education and employment and higher cost of living etc. are the factors besides the major causes of food insecurity. The risk of food insecurity in low-income families is associated with lack of access to land, single-parent families, and lack of alternative occupation, unstable income level and having a poor family head. The most important issue facing by the most people is inadequate access to food which is fundamentally an outcome of poverty (European Commission, 2000).
Food security of Bangladesh is adversely affected by higher food prices; since income may be increased but not sufficient for poor people to adjust with high prices compared to lower income. Therefore, the amount of food insecured population has been increasing. Food insecured population is now estimated in Bangladesh to be 65.3 million people; nearly 45 percent of the total population of the country is now food insecured (< 2122 kcal per person per day), and one-quarter (23.9 percent) of the population is understood as rigorously.