K. M. Mustafizur Rahman
Health remains a fundamental issue on the development agenda. No country can achieve desired growth unless it ensures accessible and improved health facilities to its citizen. As health became a part of development, the first seven Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are directly or indirectly linked with health, nutrition, and population related activities in the World Bank, either as health and nutrition status indicators or as determinants of health outcomes. The world is moving ahead in ensuring health coverage for its population. It is now desirable and unavoidable (Preker et al. 2009).
It is very difficult to achieve the universal health coverage due to the lack of voice and accountability, ineffectiveness of Government, low level of regulatory quality, weakness in establishing rule of law, lack of transparency, mismanagement by the Government, lack of adequate human and financial resources, corruption etc. Additionally, reduction in the subsidy in health sector will make the situation more difficult to get minimum health services for the poor people. Furthermore, soaring price of essential food commodities can compel the people to reduce the quantity and quality of their food as well as change their consumption patterns (Titumir and Rahman, 2011). This is likely to have serious short and long-term health and nutritional impacts on the citizens, resulting in lower achievements of health related indicators.